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Archaeological studies have proved that the area of Hemudu at the time was covered under large tracts of marshland, providing suitable conditions for cultivating rice and developing farming.At the sites, indications of rice cultivation are in great abundance, as piles of rice grains, husks, stalks and leaves have been found there. Examinations reveal that the rice grown at Hemudu was long-grained non-glutinous rice, and is the earliest example of artificially-cultivated rice that has been found in China to date.China was one of the first countries to see the emergence of agriculture.Finds at the ruins of the Hemudu Culture in Yuyao and the site of the matriarchal society at Banpo Village near Xi'an, which all date back 6,000 to 7,000 years, include rice, millet and spade-like farm tools made of stone or bone.
The Hemudu Culture site in particular yielded a large number of spade-like tools made from animals' shoulder blade bones.During the Warring States Period, more eye-pleasing silk textiles were produced.A piece of satin unearthed in a tomb of the State of Chu during the Warring States Period in Jiangling, Hubei Province, is 51 centimeters wide and has a pattern of eight groups of dancers in seven categories, along with dragons, phoenixes and animals.Before that, people maintained their lives by picking wild fruits and other plants, and hunting animals.In order to look for food, they lived a nomadic life, but cultivation of grain crops made them settle down, thus the earliest villages appeared.
The relics are also the oldest rice found so far in Asia.