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This subfamily also included the extinct genera Lufengpithecus, which lived in southern China and Thailand 2–8 mya, and Sivapithecus, which lived India and Pakistan from 12.5 mya until 8.5 mya. hooijeri have been found in Vietnam, and multiple fossil subspecies have been described from several parts of southeastern Asia. Genetic diversity was found to be lower in Bornean orangutans (P. abelii), despite the fact that Borneo is home to six or seven times as many orangutans as Sumatra.
These apes likely lived in drier and cooler environments than orangutans do today. pygmaeus, while one of the names currently considered a junior synonym of P. The comparison has shown these two species diverged around 400,000 years ago, more recently than was previously thought.
are three extant species of great apes native to Indonesia and Malaysia.
Orangutan hands are similar to human hands; they have four long fingers and an opposable thumb.
Fruit is the most important component of an orangutan's diet; however, the apes will also eat vegetation, bark, honey, insects and even bird eggs.
They can live over 30 years in both the wild and captivity.
Threats to wild orangutan populations include poaching, habitat destruction, and the illegal pet trade.
Several conservation and rehabilitation organisations are dedicated to the survival of orangutans in the wild.
This spelling (and pronunciation) has remained in use in English up to the present, but has come to be regarded as incorrect.